Sexual Infections Become Antibiotic Resistant

Health 2022
Sexual Infections Become Antibiotic Resistant
Sexual Infections Become Antibiotic Resistant

Video: Sexual Infections Become Antibiotic Resistant

Video: Microbiology - Bacteria Antibiotic Resistance 2022, November
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The World Health Organization (WHO) has released new guidelines for the treatment of three common sexually transmitted infections: chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. The organization's website says that antibiotic resistance of these infections has rapidly increased over the past few years, which means that the choice of remedies has narrowed.

Until recently, bacteria-related chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis were usually treated with antibiotics. However, these infections are often underdiagnosed and are increasingly difficult to treat as some antibiotics have lost their effectiveness as a result of misuse or overuse. Experts note that some strains of gonococci do not react even to the strongest drugs of the new generation. According to WHO estimates, 131 million people worldwide fall ill with chlamydia every year, 78 million with gonorrhea and 5.6 million with syphilis.

Genital infections not identified and not cured in time can lead to serious complications and long-term health problems in women: inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage and stillbirth. Untreated gonorrhea and chlamydia can lead to infertility in both men and women. Also, the three infections mentioned in the WHO recommendations can increase the risk of HIV infection two to three times.

WHO recommends that local health authorities “monitor patterns of antibiotic resistance in these infections in their countries” so that gonorrhea and other diseases do not become resistant to all known drugs. Also, doctors remind that the absence of symptoms does not mean the safety of the infection: even an asymptomatic disease can harm the health of the reproductive system and needs treatment.

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