FUTURE PARENTS ARE SURROUNDED BY RELATIVES, FRIENDS, DOCTORS AND OBSERVERS, and all these people are often convinced that they know more about pregnancy and childbirth than you do. On the one hand, it is not entirely correct to advise anything without knowing the medical history of a person, and even more so without having a specialized education. On the other hand, chemistry, biology and medicine are constantly evolving sciences, and the scientific consensus on many dubious facts about pregnancy and childbirth has long changed. The Soviets, however, remained and gave rise to myths that can and should be fought. We have collected ten medical misconceptions that can be heard to this day as advice to pregnant women.
Homeopathy is effective and harmless
The best answer to the question of how a product works, in which the active substance is diluted so many times that it itself does not remain, can be found here. Multiple studies have shown that the effect of taking homeopathy is not superior to that of a placebo, but perhaps this is precisely the secret of such a treatment. And also that not all herbal remedies called homeopathy contain homeopathic doses. At the same time, such funds do not undergo certification of medicinal substances, so when you are offered to drink a course of homeopathy or "weed" during pregnancy, you get a pig in a poke. We cannot say with certainty what exactly is in the package of the homeopathic remedy and how certain components will affect the health of the woman and the fetus, since the necessary research has not been carried out.
Ultrasound is harmful to a child
The natural parenting movement begins with pregnancy. Along with the important and useful guidelines that it gives, there are extremely dubious advice that parents-to-be hear with enviable frequency. Of course, stories about the dangers of ultrasound and how DNA "screams in pain" when "irradiated" sound very funny. However, a person who is worried about the safety of their unborn child can be scared with anything. In order not to be afraid, first you need to understand why such a survey is needed at all. Ultrasound is not radiation, but a non-invasive examination method using high frequency sound waves. Ultrasound examination makes it possible in the early stages to exclude an ectopic pregnancy, learn about possible pathologies of the fetus or fetuses (only it will reliably report their number) and much more. Ultrasound makes it possible to help both the woman and the fetus in time.
You need to give birth as early as possible
In antenatal clinics, you can often hear unpleasant remarks that a pregnant woman is too young. This may mean not so much age as other things - for example, that she simply does not have a husband, although the status of the patient's relationship does not in any way apply to the medical staff. However, now much more often discussed "old-born" women - and this term is also surprisingly vague. Every doctor, orderly, or just your friend sees his own limit, beyond which giving birth is either dangerous or harmful for the child. In reality, there are risks of developing genetic diseases in a child born to a mother after 35 years of age and older - but they exist even earlier. The key factors in predicting a child's health continue to be a woman's physical and mental well-being, as well as heredity.
Drink less water in the third trimester
Until now, both in medical institutions and at home, a woman can hear that she drinks too much - not alcohol, but water. Previously, in the third trimester, it was customary to limit fluid intake so that the pregnant woman did not have polyhydramnios and edema.Today there is a medical consensus that both polyhydramnios and edema are not related to the amount of fluid intake - on the contrary, getting enough water per day helps to cope with edema. The authors of What to Expect When You’re Expecting, the best-selling pregnancy portal, offers a simple test to see if you’re drinking enough water: if you’re thirsty, you don’t drink enough.
Exercise is harmful
To this day, the myth is widespread that the most important thing for a pregnant woman is physical peace. Obviously, it has historically been important that a pregnant woman not chop wood or work for hours in the fields, but these days most people spend their time in a sitting position. Moderate physical activity and fun just help both the woman and her unborn child. It's not only about walking in the park, but also about dancing, swimming or cleaning, if that's exactly what a woman wants now. Physical activity is one of the ways to prevent preeclampsia, helps to improve the condition of the fetus, and also helps the woman to feel great.
An obstetric twist will prevent a caesarean section
In late pregnancy, one of the main issues of concern to future parents is the position of the fetus and, accordingly, the risks of caesarean section. Often, when the fetus is in the pelvic position, that is, sits inside the mother, like a kangaroo, an obstetric twist is recommended for pregnant women. On the one hand, the effectiveness of a successfully performed obstetric turn in a hospital under the supervision of doctors has been proven by several studies. On the other hand, oddly enough, the risk of a cesarean section doubles due to factors such as dystocia - discoordination of labor and obstructed heart rhythm in the fetus. While an obstetric twist can increase the chance of a natural birth, it does not provide any guarantees. The most important thing is to understand that only a certified doctor in an inpatient setting can make a turn: no one else is responsible either for you or for the well-being of your unborn child.
Pregnant women should not be vaccinated
The fear of vaccinations, unfortunately, is especially strong when pregnant women are vaccinated. Today, in the average female consultation, no one will offer you a vaccine against hepatitis B, tetanus or diphtheria, and even more so against the flu. However, the risks to the health of the mother and the unborn child increase manifold if a pregnant woman has the flu. Vaccinations are recommended for women in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, although, logically, only vaccines with an inactive, "dead" virus can be used. All vaccines are approved by the International Pharmacological Association, which means that many tests have been carried out to prove their safety for the woman and the fetus.
The main thing is not to gain too much or too little weight
How many people, so many opinions about how a pregnant woman should eat and how much weight she should gain. Doubtful "experts" suggest low-calorie diets, and relatives are ready to check hourly whether the "too thin" pregnant woman has eaten enough. Today, doctors are sure that the weight that a woman gains during pregnancy is not related either to how quickly the child develops, or to how many kilograms he gains. More importantly, there is no single yardstick, everything depends on the constitution of each individual. WHO recommends that pregnant women eat a balanced diet, minimize the use of caffeine and alcohol, and nothing more. Until the doctor knows at least your body mass index, he cannot say how much you should gain during pregnancy.
Sex during pregnancy can harm the baby
The surprising myth that during pregnancy it is worth having sex "with caution" or even forgetting about it has appeared for several reasons.Its spread has been fueled by religious practices, medical problems previously undiagnosed, and the ability to deny a husband sex at a time when domestic violence was the norm. Advice on limiting sexual activity can even be heard from a doctor, and sometimes this advice is justified. Sex can indeed be unsafe if a woman has a history of miscarriages or has other contraindications, but it does not pose any harm to a healthy pregnant woman and her fetus.
Attitude plays a key role in childbirth
The wording "as you tune in, so you will give birth" can be heard in the courses of preparation for childbirth and from people who have gone through a successful childbirth or, conversely, blame themselves for difficult ones. This idea has no evidence base. Childbirth is a complex process, the course of which depends on a huge number of factors. It is impossible to take into account everything and predict in advance exactly how your child will be born.
No matter what you are in your mind, you have no guarantee against complications, and, by the way, this is where the huge risk of home birth is associated. A positive attitude is certainly beneficial for any event in life, and negative emotions and unnecessary stress are more likely to harm health. However, in no case can one be held responsible for a successful or difficult, quick or many hours of childbirth, for their happy or unhappy outcome.
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