Dictionary Of New Words, Without Which You Can Not Survive On The Internet

A life 2023

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Dictionary Of New Words, Without Which You Can Not Survive On The Internet
Dictionary Of New Words, Without Which You Can Not Survive On The Internet

Video: Dictionary Of New Words, Without Which You Can Not Survive On The Internet

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Video: New Words Added To The Dictionary in 2020 – Learn New English Words | Quickfacts #1 2023, January
Anonim

In the era of the Internet, new concepts appear and disappear so quickly that there is often no time at all to invent Russian analogs to designate them. We are watching for new terms that capaciously define the rapidly changing reality. And in this dictionary we have collected important words that allow you to explain and describe the processes that are around and inside you right now.

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Abuse

More than six months ago, in a secret psychological group, I asked the question: "How to get away from the abuser?" - and could not get a single clear answer, except: "Run without looking back and stop any interaction." In practice, this is not so easy to implement, especially when a person managed to become your family and you have common children

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Relationship anarchy

Participants in anarchic relations decide for themselves what they want to do with each other - and prefer not to hang labels. The nature of the relationship is not important: they can be partner, sexual, romantic, work or friendly, people can be connected by common interests, joint activities, correspondence on the Internet, or anything else.

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Anti-natalism

Some people not only do not believe that the preservation and growth of the population is an absolute blessing, but they are also sure that humanity should stop reproducing, that is, completely abandon procreation. This position is called anti-natalism, which literally translates as "against birth"

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Asexuality

Asexuals are people who don't want to have sex with other people. As a rule, they are simply not interested in sex. Many asexuals jokingly compare sex with cake (the latter managed to become an unofficial symbol of the community): someone always loves sweets, someone eats it periodically, and others do not tolerate at all

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Outing

In recent years, more and more public people in the West have come out - this recognition, as a rule, becomes a political statement. But even a couple of decades ago, voluntary coming out was rather an exception, and “exposing” politicians and celebrities was a common thing, which even LGBT activists did.

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Body positive

The modern perception of appearance is changing a lot, and fat-phobic attacks are less and less unanswered. We spoke with eight Instagram activists of the Russian body positivity about what they do, how they see an ideal future, and how others relate to their views.

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Boston marriage

Boston marriage is usually called the joint life of two women who lead a common life and take care of each other. Many girls in the student body were forced to share housing with neighbors, but this way of life is very far from the Boston family: here we are talking about the life of good friends, and not random neighbors

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Whitewashing

Whitewashing (whose history stretches back to the days of "old Hollywood" and very archaic practices like blackface) is not a specifically Asian problem, actors with Arab roots or characteristic Latin American appearance also suffer from the inattention of casting agencies in the same way: the first are consistently offered roles terrorists, the second - drug dealers

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Vegan abolitionism

Vegan abolitionism is a radical environmental ideology that assumes that veganism is just an ethical minimum (which, however, members of the movement believe is mandatory for all people). The main and global goal of the abolitionists is to completely free animals from property status.

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Victimblaming

Victims of violence are most often charged with the same accusations - for example, that if they drank alcohol in a company, they themselves are to blame for what happened. Women supposedly have to constantly monitor their condition, behave more carefully and be on the alert - that is, observe certain "safety precautions", otherwise they will become an easy victim for the rapist

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Subscriptions

On the VKontakte network, there are public pages where they publish photos from lists - parties in an apartment or a private house … As a rule, page administrators are not limited to pictures of faces painted with markers and funny drunken incidents - there are often photographs of naked girls from the scene.

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Gaslighting

Gaslighting is a form of psychological violence when one person manipulates another, tries to confuse him, distorts information so that a person begins to doubt the adequacy of his own perception and his memories

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Hosting

Imagine you went on a boring date, but the person keeps texting you afterwards. In this situation, you can explain why you no longer want to communicate, or you can simply not answer - anyway, it will end sooner or later. This behavior is called "ghosting" from the English ghost - "ghost"

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Greenwashing

More and more brands are taking a course on environmental friendliness, but not all products that are positioned as "green" are really that - sometimes their manufacturers are limited to only loud statements. This phenomenon is called "greenwashing"

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Gatsby

Your friend posts a selfie on Instagram with the text: "I'm going to the exhibition in the evening, who wants to be with me?" But you know that the message is not addressed to everyone: the friend hopes that a specific person will respond to her proposal. This cunning way of behaving on social media has a name - gatsbing.

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Benevolent sexism

Sexism can manifest itself in different ways: both in explicit statements that women are allegedly "inferior" (this is called hostile sexism), and in the "benevolent" stereotype that all women are caring, sensitive, weak and in need of male protection (this is called benevolent sexism)

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Drag

To capture the essence of drag, it is worth remembering that the game of dressing up and assigning external signs typical of the "opposite" sex has existed approximately always, and modern drag is much more diverse than the types presented in Ru Paul's show.

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Zero-Weist

Zero waste, or "zero waste", is a way of life, thanks to which a person tries not to replenish landfills at all. In practice, this means, first of all, awareness (just remember how much plastic in which products are packed, you throw away in a week, month or year) and a more responsible approach to consumption.

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Inclusiveness

Inclusiveness implies that a wide variety of people participate in the life of society and none of them, regardless of appearance, origin, gender, physical condition, health status, orientation and any other characteristics, does not feel deprived and excluded

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Intersex

The word "intersex" rarely appears in public space and does not evoke any associations. Unfortunately, intersex people are invisible with dire consequences: they are exposed to unnecessary mutilation, violence and discrimination.

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Intuitive nutrition

Proponents of intuitive eating ideas advise listening to physical hunger and analyzing the causes of emotional hunger, referring to specialists if necessary. Another critical part of this approach is self-acceptance and self-acceptance.

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Cyberbullying

Cyberbullying is a term that stands for bullying on the Internet.It is believed that the most vulnerable group to cyberbullying are adolescents, but for adults, the risk is not much less. Despite this, many question the existence of cyberbullying as such.

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Cyberstalking

Any obsessive persecution of a person by one person or group falls under stalking; in fact, this is a form of harassment and intimidation. If harassment occurs via web technology, it is called online stalking or cyberstalking.

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Colorism

Colorism is discrimination against people with darker skin tones, common in South Asia, Africa, China, USA and Latin America. In the United States, colorism arose even before the Civil War: slaves with a lighter skin tone (they were often the children of slaves and slave owners) were usually given easier jobs.

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Cultural appropriation

If the current world is a melting pot, where representatives of different cultures live side by side, exchanging experiences and taking advantage of each other's discoveries and inventions, what is the fundamental difference between “cultural appropriation” and cooperation - that is, between theft and exchange?

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Lipstick Feminism

Lipstick feminism is a third wave movement that advocated conventional femininity along with feminist ideas. The right to make-up and an impartial attitude towards it now have to be defended no less than the right to refuse it.

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Lookism

The term "lookism", which describes discrimination due to appearance that does not meet socially accepted standards, appeared in the United States in the late seventies as part of the anti-fat shaming movement - although, of course, the problem itself arose much earlier

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Mensplaining

Who has not found himself in a situation when a man condescendingly explains something to a woman, "making a discount" on her gender. These can be explanations "especially for girls" - for example, about the device of programs or applications, because computers are "not a woman's" business, and unsolicited comments, even if the woman herself is well versed in the matter

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Menspreading

The fight against men-spreading - that is, with the male habit of sitting with legs wide apart in public transport - has come to Russia as well. They began to fight with men spreading in cities long before the word itself appeared: at one time, a passenger who was widely sprawled in a carriage or bus was called, for example, "seathog"

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Misogyny

The belief that the female sex "falls short" of the male, the attitude towards women as predominantly stupid, weak or dangerous creatures - all this is misogyny, or, in other words, misogyny. It is enshrined in folk wisdom, and even in philosophical works.

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Microchanges

Likes under photos two years ago, frivolous use of emoji with flowers and hearts, a sudden subscription to an ex's Instagram, a tinder in the application list, an ambiguous history of searches in a search engine - all this somehow fits the definition of micro-changes

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Nanoinfluencers

The world had barely gotten used to microinfluencers when marketers (and after them, The New York Times) started talking about "nanoinfluencers" - bloggers who have not millions or hundreds of thousands, but thousands of subscribers. Despite the modest numbers, companies are ready to order advertising posts for them.

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Neuroplasticity

For a long time it was believed that the adult brain was formed once and for all, and its cells die irrevocably. Although the idea of ​​neuroplasticity - the ability of the brain to change under the influence of experience - was discovered in experiments since the late 18th century, it was rejected until the last decades. But now everything has changed

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Neurodiversity

People with autism (or autistic people, as many of them choose to call themselves) are slowly becoming visible thanks to improvements in the health care system and new research.Reported American Statistics Says One In 68 Children Has Autism Spectrum Disorder

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Neurosexism

It would seem that modern research methods should give an unambiguous answer to the question of whether men and women really think differently, learn, solve problems and choose what is important for them in life.

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Objectification

Sexual objectification is the construction and / or perception of someone as a sexual object. For example, if a man rides on the subway and greedily looks at the neckline of the lady opposite, this is a typical and familiar case of sexual objectification.

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Orbiting

Many people have encountered orbit in one form or another, they simply may not have attached importance to it. Former partners with whom you no longer speak, but whom you like; friends with whom it is impossible to talk in any way, but mutual subscriptions in social networks help to maintain a feeling of closeness

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Conscious consumption

More and more people are ready, if not to completely abandon plastic, then at least to reduce its amount, make a choice in favor of more environmentally friendly materials and try to acquire good habits.

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Pay-gap

What is the gender pay gap is clear to everyone: until now, all over the world, women receive less for the work they do on an equal basis with men. It will take another 170 years to eradicate inequality in the world at the current pace of development

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Positive discrimination

The market with a human face encourages just this kind of positive discrimination: socially responsible corporations help to eliminate the personnel imbalance that has developed due to centuries of stereotypes, but at the same time, they maintain pure competition when applying for jobs.

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The principle of consent

Not everything about sexual consent is regulated by law. The concept of sexual consent does not only mean that two adults enter a relationship: it is very important that they act knowingly and voluntarily.

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Prolife

Supporters of the prolife movement use psychological pressure: they call the embryo a child and appeal to the emotions of a woman. They distort the data, and there are no links to well-conducted (or any) research on the websites of these organizations. And that's not all: sometimes the activity of prolifers takes on the character of extremism.

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Psychoactivism

Psychoactivism is a social movement for the rights of people with mental disorders, which has existed in the world for a long time, and in Russia is just beginning to develop - almost for the first time in Russian history it appeared in the federal media and on television

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Rabbing

During sex, not everyone wants penetration - and sometimes they don't even want to undress. In this case, you can engage in rabbing - a non-penetrating practice that can provide strong sensations with minimal energy consumption. In addition, rabbing helps to improve the quality of other types of sex.

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Safetyism

What does not kill can make a person stronger - or it can “reward” him with neuroses and PTSD for the rest of his life. Getting out of your comfort zone is helpful, but it would be nice to be able to return to it from time to time.

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Singlism

The halo of "inferiority" hangs over the loners constantly. Some sociologists even talk about a special type of discrimination - singlism. As it turned out, it manifests itself not only in unpleasant questions at family dinners and feelings of ridiculous longing on Valentine's Day, but also at the institutional level.

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Slatshaming

In the very concept of slatshaming, a woman is condemned for her "frivolous" appearance or behavior, which is equivalent to shouting "sh *** a!" - there is no analogue in Russian, as well as an established translation. And this is the case when there is no word, but the phenomenon is

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Slow motion

Strictly speaking, slow movement is an umbrella term that combines a variety of aspects of life. One way or another, in any of its manifestations, movement is reduced to a simple installation: to exist in the rhythm that is convenient for the person himself

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Stalking

No one is immune from harassment, either on social networks or in real life (which become integral parts of each other), and their consequences can be truly dire

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Stretwashing

This word refers to situations where the image of an LGBT character is deliberately corrected to better fit into heterosexual cultural norms. There are also more subtle manifestations when the film tells the story of LGBT characters, but through the prism of heterosexual canons

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Survivalism

In films and books, they are often portrayed as unsociable eccentrics, society suspects sectarians and extremists in them, they consider themselves reasonable people. They are survivalists and they intend to survive when the world as we know it ceases to exist.

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Transhumanism

Transhumanism is a philosophical concept and movement advocating to improve the capabilities of the human mind and body with the help of science and technology. Some see in the controlled human evolution a huge achievement of progress, others - a dangerous "game of God"

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Transphobia

Transgender people are one of the most oppressed groups of the population: they are hated by conservative politicians, religious orthodox and simply those whose views are far from liberal. Transgender people are discriminated against at work, banned from serving in the army and prevented from playing professional sports. And even some feminists and representatives of the LGBT community are not always friendly towards them.

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Tulpa

A tulpa is a product of self-hypnosis, a visualized phantom that acts of its own free will. Simply put, an imaginary friend that every person supposedly can create for himself. You can talk, play, quarrel with a tulpa, and in theory even have sex and change bodies.

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Fasting

The idea of ​​the benefits of complete starvation is still alive, and in Silicon Valley (hello to "biohacking"), in Russia. It is promoted as a means of losing weight, a way to carry out a "detox" and get rid of "toxins" and even as a medicine for a variety of diseases, including cancer

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Facesitting

Many people think that face-sitting is a cunnilingus position. In fact, everything is much more complicated. Facesitting is a practice in which the “up” partner sits on his heels or knees over the face of the “bottom” so as to press against it with his vulva or anus. At the same time, oral sex is not at all a prerequisite.

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Femvertising

Advertising aimed at women, the so-called femvertising, in recent years has turned out to be one of the most popular brand promotion tools in the world - it is logical that this trend is also being joined in Russia.

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Financial dominance

As sociologists wittily explain this phenomenon, some men get so tired of power and the need to earn that they unconsciously undermine both the consumption system and the patriarchal hierarchy - they give all the money to unfamiliar women from the Internet and do not demand anything in return.

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Fingering

Fine motor skills allow you to get a bunch of new sensations, and intensity, speed and volume can be adjusted instantly. Fingering seems to be underestimated and considered, at best, an optional element of foreplay. But in fact, this is a full-fledged sexual practice that can give a completely new understanding of sex.

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Fomo

Fear of missing out, or FOMO, is the fear of missing out on something important. Although it is difficult to call it new, the name for it appeared relatively recently. The Oxford Dictionary (or rather, its online version, which is updated faster than the paper version), the concept of FOMO, for example, entered only in 2013

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Freeganism

In a broad sense, freeganism is not a habit of eating expired food, but a lifestyle and ideology: freegans strive to maximize resource savings and have a negative attitude towards overproduction

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Fruitarianism

Fruitarianism is not just a short-term diet that promises a specific result, but a long way of eating with its own ideology, values ​​and often esoteric overtones. Fruit eating is a direct consequence of the utopian wave of the 60s and 70s, when the principle of eating food was not separated from the political and spiritual component

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Furry

Furries (from the English "fur", fur) not only love anthropomorphic animals - they love to dress up with them. The emergence of the subculture is usually attributed to the 70s and the first underground zines, which did not create an improved version of Mickey Mouse, but offered their own view of humanoid animals.

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Fatshaming

Fatshaming and aversion to "excess weight" as a mass phenomenon have become especially noticeable thanks to the Internet. At the same time, this approach has nothing in common with concerns about the health of others: fat phobia affects anyone whose volumes exceed aesthetically approved parameters.

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Harassment

Harassment refers to all kinds of psychological harassment. The English word "harassment" describes a wide range of situations: words, gestures, actions that can offend or humiliate another person, behavior that systematically violate the boundaries of other people, psychological pressure

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Childfree

The conscious unwillingness to have children was actively talked about in the 70s in Europe. In Russia, the peak of the popularity of childfree communities was already in the 2000s. True, in such a position, many still see not a free choice, but an evasion of "duty" to society, although not everyone is ready and willing to become parents

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Ayblism

Such discrimination affects a very heterogeneous mass of people: these are people with disabilities, people with special needs, and many others who do not fit into the "norm"

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Ageism

Although the attitude of society towards older people is changing before our eyes - 50+ models appear on the shoots and on the catwalks, and glossy magazines abandon the term "anti-aging" - the notorious age still remains an obstacle for many

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Ecosexuals

Ecosexuals today are not only eccentrics who go naked and like to wallow in the mud, masturbate with a burdock or "bang a waterfall." Although they, of course, too

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Photos: Etsy.com

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