"Wake up, Neo." "You're stuck in the Matrix." These words, which marked a milestone in the pop culture era, first hit theaters twenty years ago. Before Russia, "The Matrix" was another six months - another reminder that the success of the current issue eighteen in the rating of the best films according to IMDb did not look like something a foregone conclusion.
Today, when The Matrix is not just a franchise, but also an object of cult, this may not be felt so strongly. But the project, which plucked a piece from the awkward hacker militants of the nineties (including the demonstratively failed Johnny Mnemonic with the same Keanu Reeves) and Gibson's cyberspace, Mamoru Oshii's Ghost in the Shell and Philip K.'s unsteady paranoid dreams and combining them with advanced (at that time) technology and ballet choreography was in many ways a risky experiment.
Small details that pop up many years after filming suggest that some bricks came to the folding matrix structure ridiculously by accident (“digital rain” from hieroglyphs turned out to be nothing more than sushi recipes that the designer borrowed from his wife's cookbook - Japanese women), others - after painful searches: the Wachowskis, who had been looking for an actor for the role of Neo for a long time, at some point were ready to offer it to Sandra Bullock.
And nevertheless, the mythogenic potential of the "Matrix", no worse than "Star Wars", which digested and repackaged the plots of fairy tales and religious symbolism (primarily biblical), was immediately apparent. Therefore, the Matrix has not experienced a lack of philosophical interpretations and fan theories in the twenty years that have passed since the release of the first film. It's time to remember some of them.
Matrix within matrix
Not new either to the franchise or to philosophy in general, the idea that the real world is also not quite real (and free Zion is nothing more than another matrix) began to circulate in fan forums relatively early, even before the release of the third film. As evidence, the authors of the hypothesis refer to Neo's dialogue with the Architect, in which the creator of the virtual world convinces the guest that he is nothing more than a failure of an incompletely calibrated system, an inevitable but expected anomaly. But if this can be said about Neo, then the same is true of the rest of the inhabitants of Zion, whose rebellion was not a surprise to the Architect.
The Matrix as a Marxist Critique of Capitalism
The matrix as an allegory of the capitalist world has been and continues to be used by a variety of commentators - from the cultural scientist Slavoj ižek, who saw in the Wachowski virtual world a version of Plato's cave myth (that is, the world of subjective sensations, which a person mistakenly takes for an objective reality), to Janis Varufakis, the former Minister of Finance of Greece (a country that, in a sense, also found itself on the verge of leaving the matrix - the eurozone). As for what the destruction of the capitalist world will lead to - liberation or the creation of another matrix, where freedom will be the same illusion - commentators have no consensus.
The Matrix as a Film on Transgender Transition
Rumors that Lana and Lilly Wachowski encrypted their own biography in The Matrix have been circulating for a long time, but only in the 2010s did they form a coherent theory. The feeling of a double life (for some Neo, for others - Mr. Anderson), most of which takes place "in the wrong world" (and this world is also extremely aggressive against those who are trying to get out of it), according to the authors of the hypothesis, rhymes well with transgender experiences.And in Morpheus's proposed red pill, some commentators saw not only a coming out metaphor, but also a hint of spironolactone, a drug used to suppress testosterone production. Sami Wachowski did not confirm or refute the guess.
Agent Smith as the True Chosen One
As in any big franchise, in the "Matrix" sooner or later had to appear its own circle of schismatics, rooting for the main villain, not the hero. And he appeared: the authors of one of the fan theories, having thoroughly analyzed the vague prophecies about the coming of the Chosen One, came to the conclusion that none of its parts interferes with considering the true messiah - born inside the Matrix - Agent Smith, and not Neo at all.
The Matrix as part of Star Wars
For this theory - more funny than convincing - we need to thank actor Matt Doran, who played a cameo in Attack of the Clones, and Mouse from Nebuchadnezzar's team, the creator of the Woman in Red training bot. The woman in red also appears briefly in Attack of the Clones, and these coincidences were enough to stretch the cable from one franchise to another.
We all live in the Matrix …
… and the existence of rapper Pitbull proves it! Another version that is too eccentric to simply pass by is based on the outward resemblance of Pit Bull to Cypher, who betrayed Morpheus in exchange for a life full of hedonism among celebrities in the film's plot. This deal with the devil, according to the author of the hypothesis, explains both the rapper's unexpected ascent in the world that we consider ours, and the stylistic difference between the first film (partly documentary - until Cypher's death) and sequels (a Hollywood fairy tale with a happy ending).
PHOTOS: Warner Bros. Entertainment, Warnerbros