Composition and calorie content of kiwi jam. How is it useful, potential harm and contraindications. Kiwi jam recipes. What dishes can you add it to?
Kiwi jam is a dessert that is a tropical fruit pre-chopped and then cooked in sugar syrup. It has a very pleasant taste - sweet with pronounced sourness. It can be prepared exactly in the form of jam, in which the fruit is laid in beautiful slices or pieces, or it can be made as a homogeneous jam - in this case, the kiwi must first be passed through a meat grinder or blender. Other tropical fruits are often added to the dessert - oranges, lemons and even bananas. Kiwi jam is not just a tasty treat, but also a useful product, especially valuable for immunity, because the fruit contains a record amount of vitamin C.
Composition and calorie content of kiwi jam
In the photo, kiwi jam
Despite the fact that jam, as a rule, contains a large amount of sugar, its energy value is not very high.
The calorie content of kiwi jam is 235 kcal, of which:
- Proteins - 0.5 g;
- Fat - 0.5 g;
- Carbohydrates - 57 g.
Due to the lack of fat, it is often used in various diets as a healthy dessert. But, of course, you need to understand that, although the calorie content of the product is small, you should not abuse it, because the composition of kiwi jam contains a lot of simple carbohydrates, which are already oversaturated in the modern diet.
The fruit itself is very useful, it contains a record amount of vitamin C - 200% of the daily dose of 100 g, as well as a wide range of other vitamins and minerals - albeit not in a record amount, but important for the overall balance of the diet. And although during the cooking process many useful components leave the fruit, a significant amount of them remains in the finished dessert.
Vitamins per 100 g:
- Vitamin A, RE - 15 mcg;
- Beta carotene - 0.09 mg;
- Vitamin B1, thiamine - 0.02 mg
- Vitamin B2, riboflavin - 0.03 mg;
- Vitamin B4, choline - 7, 8 mg;
- Vitamin B5, pantothenic acid - 0.183 mg;
- Vitamin B6, pyridoxine - 0.063 mg;
- Vitamin B9, folate - 25 mcg;
- Vitamin C, ascorbic acid - 180 mg;
- Vitamin E, alpha-tocopherol - 0.3 mg;
- Vitamin K, phylloquinone - 40, 3 mcg;
- Vitamin PP, NE - 0.5 mg;
- Niacin - 0.4 mg
Macronutrients per 100 g:
- Potassium - 300 mg;
- Calcium - 40 mg;
- Silicon - 13 mg;
- Magnesium - 25 mg;
- Sodium - 5 mg;
- Sulfur - 11.4 mg;
- Phosphorus - 34 mg;
- Chlorine - 47 mg.
Microelements per 100 g:
- Aluminum - 815 mcg;
- Boron - 100 mcg;
- Vanadium - 0.76 mcg;
- Iron - 0.8 mg;
- Iodine - 2 mcg;
- Cobalt - 1 mcg;
- Lithium - 0.7mkg;
- Manganese - 0.098 mg;
- Copper - 130 mcg;
- Molybdenum - 10 mcg;
- Nickel - 0.3 mcg;
- Rubidium - 44 mcg;
- Selenium - 0.2 mcg;
- Strontium - 121 mcg;
- Fluorine - 14 mcg;
- Chromium - 1.45 mcg;
- Zinc - 0.14 mg.
- Zirconium - 10 mcg.
In addition, kiwi contains dietary fiber, organic acids, enzymes, natural anti-inflammatory and antioxidant components - rutin, actydin, catechin.
Useful properties of kiwi jam
Delicious kiwi jam is not only an appetizing table decoration, but also a real folk medicine that helps in the prevention of many diseases. It has a particularly good effect on metabolic processes and the state of the heart and blood vessels, has a positive effect on the body's defenses and the nervous system. Recommended for use by both children and adults.
The benefits of kiwi jam:
- Normalization of the digestive system … Dessert is useful for the regulation of metabolic processes, including helping to dissolve fat deposits. Also, in general, it improves the functioning of the digestive system, normalizes peristalsis, promotes the removal of toxins and toxins. The healing effect of kiwi fruit for constipation has been proven in several studies.
- Strengthening the body's defenses … Vitamin C in the composition has a stimulating effect on the immune system. The dessert is effective not only in the prevention of various diseases, but also in the treatment of colds - be sure to close the jar of kiwi jam for the winter if you want to save yourself from viruses with a natural and tasty remedy.
- Beneficial effect on the heart and blood vessels … The product strengthens blood vessels, helps stabilize blood pressure, and improves heart function in general. In addition, the dessert improves cholesterol metabolism, which in turn is an excellent prevention of atherosclerosis, thrombosis and acute heart conditions.
- Normalization of the nervous system … Dessert can have a positive effect on the functioning of the nervous system: it increases stress resistance, stimulates mental activity, improves memory, relieves depression, and fights insomnia.
- Antioxidant effect … Due to the presence of vitamin C and other powerful antioxidants in the composition, simple kiwi jam is able to fight back excess levels of free radicals, thereby preventing cell mutations and the development of serious diseases, including cancer.
The dessert is especially recommended for pregnant women, it not only contributes to the development of the fetus in every possible way, but also facilitates the mother's condition: both emotional - it raises mood, tones up, saves from toxicosis due to a pleasant sweet-sour taste, and physiological - the product stimulates the kidneys, helps in work the genitourinary system, thus saving from edema, which are typical for expectant mothers.
Read also about the beneficial properties of strawberry jam
Contraindications and harm of kiwi jam
Despite the fact that the dessert has many useful properties, before looking for a recipe for kiwi jam, you need to familiarize yourself with its contraindications, which it, like any other product, of course, has.
First of all, it should be noted that kiwi is an allergenic fruit, and the sugar in the composition increases the allergenicity, which is why, although jam will be very useful for children, and for pregnant women, and for nursing, you should not immediately consume it in large portions. Try half a teaspoon first and monitor the reaction during the day, if there are no negative symptoms, you can gradually increase the dose.
However, keep in mind that for any person, the daily intake should not exceed 2-3 tsp, again, due to the presence of sugar in the composition. We also add that sugar in the composition is the reason why even a small amount of kiwi jam will harm those who have diabetes.
And one more limitation: the combination of sugar with organic acids, which the fruit is rich in is a real blow to the tooth enamel, and therefore, after eating dessert, you should definitely rinse your mouth thoroughly with clean water.
Finally, it is worth noting that jam is dangerous for those who have diseases of the digestive system, especially those accompanied by high acidity, and it is also harmful for renal failure, disorders of water-salt metabolism. And in general, if you have any disease that involves a therapeutic diet, be sure to first consult with your doctor regarding the advisability of introducing dessert into the diet.
How to make kiwi jam?
There are many recipes on how to make kiwi jam. The classic recipe is very simple and consists of two stages: "sugaring" - cut the fruit, cover it with sugar and wait several hours for the juice to appear; and cooking - without adding water, the kiwi is put on fire and boiled one or more times, depending on the desired density.
To get a thick jam, it is boiled in three stages: 5-10 minutes of boiling, complete cooling, then boiling again, cooling and, finally, boiling again, cooling. You can boil the dessert just once for 5-10 minutes, it will not be so thick, but it will retain more useful properties. If you want to get a quick thick jam, use a thickener - pectin, agar or gelatin.
Along with the classic recipe, there are many other ways to make kiwi jam:
- Jam … Chop kiwi (500 g), beat with a blender, add sugar (500 g), water (100 ml). Bring to a boil, simmer over low heat for 10-20 minutes. Remember to stir and skim. Add lemon juice (2 tablespoons), cook for another 5 minutes. Pour into jars.
- Kiwi jam with orange … Peel kiwi and oranges (1 kg each), cut into cubes, cover with sugar (1 kg), leave for a few hours to extract juice. Put the future jam on fire, bring to a boil, cook over low heat for about 10 minutes, remove from the stove and cool. Put on fire again, boil for 10 minutes and cool. Finally, boil the jam again and pour directly into the jars while hot.
- Kiwi and lemons jam … Take lemons (2 pieces), squeeze juice from one, cut the other into thin slices. Put the citrus slices in a saucepan, add sugar (100 g), water (1/2 cup). Bring to a boil, cook for 10 minutes. In the meantime, slice the kiwi into slices. First put more sugar (900 g) in a saucepan, then pour the lemon juice, finally, put the kiwi slices, after boiling, immediately turn off the heat and leave the jam overnight. The next day, bring to a boil again and cook for 15-20 minutes.
- Kiwi and banana jam … Finely chop kiwi (6 pieces) and banana (1 piece), put in a saucepan, add sugar (200 g), lemon juice (4 tablespoons). Turn on the heat, bring to a boil, if the juice is not enough, you can add a little water. Cook for 10 minutes, pour into jars.
- Thick kiwi jam with gelatin … Chop kiwi (1 kg) finely, put in a saucepan, add sugar (2 cups). Leave it on for 3-4 hours. Mix gelatin (25 g) with sugar (1 cup), send to kiwi. Put on fire, cook for about 20 minutes, stirring and skimming. Transfer the jam to jars without cooling.
It is curious that you can make kiwi jam without boiling. To do this, the fruit must be cut into large pieces and chopped through a meat grinder or blender in mashed potatoes, then add sugar to taste, put in plastic containers and put in the freezer. This recipe for kiwi jam for the winter is the most useful, because much more vitamins and minerals will be stored in a "live" product.
Kiwi jam recipes
A beautiful emerald-colored dessert, no doubt, is already a wonderful treat in itself. However, it is not necessary to just eat it with tea, you can add it to pastries and other sweet dishes to make them tastier and more interesting.
Several recipes with kiwi jam:
- Quick tea pie … Mix jam (1 glass) with baking soda (1 tsp), leave for 5-10 minutes. Add kefir (1 cup), eggs (2 pieces), sugar (1/2 cup), beat well. Pour in flour (2, 5 cups) gradually, stir to make a homogeneous dough. Pour the dough into a mold, bake for 30-40 minutes at 180OWITH.
- Filled shortbread cookies … Mix flour (250 g) with sugar (75 g), eggs (1 piece), salt (pinch), butter (125 g), previously softened at room temperature. Knead the dough, wrap in plastic wrap, refrigerate for an hour. Roll out the dough, cut out circles with a cookie cutter, cut out the center in half of the circles with a smaller volume. Put kiwi jam (150 g) on the circles without a cut out center, close the top with a circle with a "hole". Bake at 200OFrom about 10 minutes.
- Honey cake with jam and sour cream … Whip sour cream (400 g) with sugar (1 glass), put in the refrigerator. Mix honey (6 tablespoons) with soda (1 teaspoon), heat until brown, cool. Take eggs (5 pieces), beat the yolks with sugar until dissolved, add honey and flour (750 g) to them, knead the dough. Beat the whites into a foam and gently add to the finished dough, knead. Divide the dough into 3-4 parts, roll out each and bake in turn at a temperature of 180OC for 8-10 minutes. In the meantime, grind any nuts (150 g). Grease the first crust with sour cream and sprinkle with nuts, spread the second with thick jam (150 g), the third with the remaining sour cream and decorate to taste.
- Breton Butter Pie … Combine butter (225 g), previously softened, with sugar (110 g), pancake flour (225 g), powdered sugar (110 g). Separately mix the yolks (4 pieces) and vanillin (1 tsp), add to the dough. Knead the dough, wrap with plastic wrap and refrigerate for a couple of hours. Take out the dough, divide into two, distribute the first over a baking dish, tamp well. Spread jam (125 g) on top. Roll the second part into a layer and cover the jam with it. Brush the top with whipped yolk. Bake for 40-50 minutes at 180OWITH.
- Jam tart … Mix flour (350 g) with softened butter (150 g), add sugar (3 tablespoons), sour cream (3 tablespoons), egg (1 piece). Knead the dough and refrigerate for half an hour. Mix jam (5 tablespoons) and flour (1 tablespoon). Separately combine sour cream (350 g), heavy cream (300 g), sugar (3 tablespoons), flour (3 tablespoons). Take out the dough, roll out in a mold, put the jam filling, and the sour cream filling on top. Bake for 30-40 minutes at 180OWITH.
It is worth noting that kiwi jam will perfectly complement ready-made dishes - pancakes, pancakes, cereals, homemade puddings, ice cream, etc.
Interesting facts about kiwi jam
To maximize the preservation of vitamin C, which the fruit is rich in, stir the jam with only a wooden spoon, and cook for no more than 5 minutes. Please note that vitamin spoils not only the metal and heat treatment, but also long-term storage, and therefore the earlier you eat the jam, the more it will contain the most important component for immunity.
Another way to make your dessert healthier is to add less sugar. If you choose the right kiwi of optimal ripeness, you do not need to maintain a 1: 1 ratio; for 1 kg of fruit, 2 cups of sugar will be enough.
By the way, about ripeness, if unripe kiwis still fit for jam, although you have to add more sugar, then nothing good will come of the overripe ones. The jam not only can turn out not tasty, but also quickly deteriorate.
Watch a video about kiwi jam:
Kiwi jam is an exotic dessert for our country, and it is found on our tables much less often than raspberry or strawberry jam. However, this fruit is very useful, and everyone needs to make at least a couple of jars of sweet dessert from it for the winter.