How to remove fungus from walls: simple solutions to the problem

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How to remove fungus from walls: simple solutions to the problem
How to remove fungus from walls: simple solutions to the problem

Why does the fungus appear on the walls and how to remove it using folk and industrial means. Than it is dangerous for human health. Video tips. Mold occurs not only on elite cheeses, but also appears on the walls. And if in the first case white cheese mold is considered noble, then the black bloom on the walls upsets the owners of the house. Small dark spots on the wallpaper grow quickly and very soon become black and green streaks covering the ceiling and even upholstered furniture. Moreover, the defeat is so deeply eaten that sometimes it is simply impossible to remove it. We will learn how to get rid of the existing problem and what measures must be taken.

The reason for the appearance of fungus on the walls

Fungus on the wall under the wallpaper
Fungus on the wall under the wallpaper

If you do not know the reason for the appearance of mold on the wallpaper, then it will never be possible to completely localize it. There are two main reasons: dampness and poor ventilation. The industrial reasons for the spread of fungal spores are as follows.

  1. The design of reinforced-plastic windows does not imply an inflow of fresh air. If the room is not regularly ventilated and there is no special forced ventilation system in the windows, then the fungus is provided.
  2. Above your dwelling is only a roof that is leaking. In a panel house, moisture will also spread along the joints along the lower floors.
  3. In apartments on the ground floor, the lesion begins at the joints of the walls, and then the mold penetrates under the wallpaper. There is a basement under the apartment, which is often heated and moisture accumulates in it.
  4. After the completion of the repair and finishing work, residual moisture remains in the room. The repairs must be completed before autumn or wallpaper must be glued when the centralized heating is working.
  5. Poor waterproofing of interpanel joints and external walls. Mold appears in autumn when there is no heating and the weather is cold and rainy. It is enough to freeze one of the walls to form condensation.
  6. The first plaque appeared in the shower room, where it is humid, warm and poorly ventilated. With simultaneous heat and moisture, you need to have powerful ventilation.
  7. Faulty plumbing: leaking pipes of cold and hot water or heating.
  8. There are many indoor plants in the room, which are often watered, which causes high humidity.
  9. The furniture stands firmly against the wall, which prevents good air circulation. This is especially true for external walls.
  10. The neighbors on the top floor flooded your apartment and the water soaked all the walls with dampness.

As a result, in private houses, the main reason is insufficient heating and poor air circulation, and in multi-storey apartments the problem of fungus comes from the outside and also a poor ventilation regime.

Why is fungus on the walls harmful to human health?

Dark fungus on the wall
Dark fungus on the wall

The mold that develops can vary.

  1. Green. It is most often encountered and you can not be afraid of it. It will quickly disappear if handled correctly.
  2. Dark green. Problematic, but if it is immediately identified and immediately removed, then it will not bring much harm. It is removed simply.
  3. White (like fluff). It spreads quickly and imperceptibly, affecting the entire apartment. You can't hesitate with her, because she is very dangerous. It should be removed carefully with gloves and a respirator.
  4. Black. She is the most dangerous. It grows quickly and is difficult to remove. It must be treated with chemical mixtures, and at the end of the work, preventive measures should be carried out so that the plaque does not settle again.

At the same time, please note that if any type of mold affects more than 20% of the area, then this is a massive contamination of the room. It becomes unusable and dangerous to live in. The harm from the fungus to humans is as follows:

  1. Skin problems, allergies, headaches, conjunctivitis, suffocating cough, stomatitis.
  2. Spores of moldy fungi penetrate into the body, settle on the mucous membranes of the respiratory system, and chronic rhinitis and pulmonary diseases appear.
  3. Living for a long time in an affected room leads to a weakening of the immune system (most of all in children and the elderly), exacerbation of chronic diseases and other health problems.

How to prevent the growth of fungus on the walls?

Professional wall treatment against fungus
Professional wall treatment against fungus

To prevent mold and mildew from coming back once and for all, consider the following practical tips.

  1. Purchase an antimicrobial spray that you can use to periodically spray on plaque sites. It will prevent mold spores from re-colonizing.
  2. Install electric air dehumidifiers in susceptible areas to mold.
  3. Renew the thermal insulation system. Well-insulated walls and ceilings are less prone to condensation and mold formation.
  4. Ventilate humid rooms well with as dry air as possible.
  5. Repair leaking plumbing to keep moisture out.

How to remove fungus on walls - a step-by-step removal process

The girl cleans the wall from the fungus
The girl cleans the wall from the fungus
  1. Eliminate the cause of the pest, and then take measures to remove the mold itself.
  2. Mechanically clean the affected surface. If the plaque is shallow, remove the wallpaper and clean the wall with a spatula or metal brush. If the fungus is deeply seated, then remove the plaster down to concrete or brick.
  3. To kill mold spores, treat the surface with a special solution that is sold in a hardware store (antiseptic) or improvised products (bleach, vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, ammonia). Apply the products to the infected surface at intervals of a couple of hours. Work in a ventilated area with protective equipment (gloves, respirator).
  4. Dry the wall completely and apply plaster or wallpaper, i.e. carry out routine repairs to the premises.

Industrial protective compounds for removing fungus from walls

A bottle of fungus remover from the walls
A bottle of fungus remover from the walls

Many experts believe that the best remedy is a special antiseptic primer that removes mold and protects walls from mold reoccurrence. The substance is not diluted with water, but is applied with a brush to a prepared dry wall. Compositions containing fungicides based on boron compounds have proven themselves well. They are used to treat interior and exterior walls.

The old method is a 10% solution of copper sulfate. You can use a solution of 40% formalin (0.25 liters of substance per 10 liters of water). Substances based on silicone resin or with fungicidal dispersion properties are suitable. Pay attention to silicate paints, they contain a means to destroy the fungus. It is advisable to buy products from well-known brands that have proven themselves well. When choosing a specialized composition, seek the advice of a specialist.

Home remedies to remove fungus from walls

Acetic acid bottle
Acetic acid bottle

If a small section of the walls is affected by mold, then you can get rid of it using proven improvised folk remedies. Their effect cannot be compared with highly toxic drugs, but they will quite cope with their task.

  1. Bleach removes all types of fungi and spores. However, it gives off toxic fumes and is corrosive to the skin. Therefore, when working with it, use protective equipment. It is diluted 1:10 parts of water.
  2. Acetic acid kills many types of fungi. It is not toxic, but it has a specific odor. Apply it to the wall by dampening a rag in it. It is convenient to use the spray. After an hour, rinse the wall with water and ventilate the room.
  3. Hydrogen peroxide 3% does not have a pungent odor and does not emit harmful toxins. It works like vinegar.
  4. Baking soda a safe substance that does not contain harsh chemicals. For 1 tsp. soda, take 1 tbsp.water and treat the damaged area as in the two steps above.
  5. Tea tree oil absolutely harmless. It is diluted with water in a ratio of 1:50.

How to remove fungus from walls - useful tips

Black fungus on a white wall
Black fungus on a white wall
  1. Use a long-handled roller to treat the affected area. This will increase the distance between you and the wall and prevent you from inhaling mold spores.
  2. Always follow directions carefully when using commercial mold control products.
  3. Take precautions by wearing safety goggles, gloves and a mask.
  4. Before using any product, test it on a small area of the surface.
  5. Mold is absorbed through the skin. Therefore, do not touch it with bare hands. Work in rubber gloves and a respirator.

Video tips for removing fungus from the walls:

1) How to remove mold and mildew from the walls?

2) Fungus and mold on the walls

3) An easy way to remove fungus from the walls